Ask your veterinarian about a medical approach

One of the most important aspects of improper disposal, whether urine or feces, is to get to the root of the problem as quickly as possible. Never punish your cat when you find an accident’, the cat will have no idea why you are hurting him and this will just make your cat more stressed and more likely to repeat the act. The first thing to do is to consult your veterinarian – the problem could be much more serious than you think.

Physical problems

A number of urinary conditions can cause your cat to suddenly start urinating outside the box:

  • Bladder infections are quite common in cats and the irritation caused by the infection will cause small but frequent puddles of urine in your cat. Antibiotics are the answer.
  • Bladder stones are formed from an alkaline diet and irritate the bladder wall, increasing the risk of infection. Some stones can almost fill the bladder. These stones will have to be removed surgically, as will the plugs in the urethra.
  • Interstitial cystitis is a rather mysterious disease that combines physical and mental factors. Stress seems to cause inflammation of the nerves that are attached to the bladder, resulting in a weakening of the protective mucosa. Interstitial cystitis is mainly treated by varying the cat’s diet, giving him analgesics and modifying the environment. This results in a decrease in the cat’s stress level.

If your cat defecates outside the box, it may be a sign that her gastrointestinal system is affected:

  • Constipated cats get tired and struggle to poop, and often despair forces them to do so wherever they are. An amendment in the diet will typically facilitate.
  • A number of factors can cause diarrhea in your cats, such as disease or infection. In this case, the cat may simply not be able to reach the box. You will need to diagnose the cause of diarrhea and take appropriate measures to control it.

Address the psychological aspect of inappropriate disposal

The sensitive nature of cats can stress them, which can lead to their inappropriate elimination. Some success has been achieved in reversing inappropriate elimination with drugs such as valium tranquilizer and blocking neurotransmitters such as amitriptyline and Buspar. Drugs used to treat human depression, such as clomipramine, have also been effective.